‘Arab Spring’ is considered to be one of the significant turning points in history for it was the first democratic movement in Arab world. Its beginning was filled with hope and delight but eventually was overwhelmed by misery and despair just like the French Revolution. The theoretical debate views the cause of ‘Arab Spring’ with three different approaches. Some scholars believe it was political, economic, and cultural factors that led to the widespread discontent among people. Another scholars assert that ‘Arab Spring’ was triggered by the break-up of social contract which originally legitimized the authoritarian rule in exchange for the welfare favors, given by authoritarian regime. The other scholars claim that decrease in life satisfaction level due to economic stagnation was the main cause. This article aims to analyze the political and economic aspects, especially the different viewpoints between participants and non-participants of ‘Arab Spring’.
아랍의 봄, 소득불평등, 민주화운동, 사회계약, 터널효과